Categories
Sociology

WEEK 11: Does White Privilege Exist? Part 1 Learning Objectives After you read

WEEK 11: Does White Privilege Exist? Part 1
Learning Objectives
After you read the assigned materials and answer the questions, you will be able to:
1. Analyze the differences between individual racism, interpersonal racism, institutional racism, and systemic racism.
2. Analyze the causes of white privilege on an institutional, interpersonal, and personal level.
3. Analyze the effects of white privilege on an institutional, interpersonal, and personal level.
4. Analyze the causes and effects of white denial on an institutional, interpersonal, and personal level.
5. Analyze how whites are involved in systems of white privilege and how they might challenge white privilege.
REREAD: ​Koegel: “Exploring Our Mental Models: Why The Sociological Imagination May Be Hard To Understand And Accept” (read the first 3 pages of attached PDF)
READ: ​Koegel: “Most White People Believe There Has Been Significant Racial Progress In The Past 50 Years – Are They Right?” (see attached 4-page PDF)
WATCH:​5 Things You Should Know About Racism | Decoded | MTV News at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8eTWZ80z9EE
READ: Koegel: “Do You See What – And How – I See? Exploring Different Ways Of Thinking About Racism” (see attached 4-page PDF)
WATCH: “Systemic Racism Explained,” 2019 (4 minutes and 23 seconds) at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YrHIQIO_bdQ
READ: ​“Does White Privilege Exist” (read all the assigned essays in this PDF)
WATCH: “Systemic Racism Against Latinos” (3 minutes) at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gYJ0RPTGG8
[Read before you answer question 1A] After re-reading page 1 of my essay “Exploring Our Mental Model” until the end of the 4th paragraph of page 3 whose last sentence ends with: … “our assumptions and beliefs about the way things are”),
QUESTION 1A: Describe how I support my conclusion that we do not simply see and experience the world “out there” as it is. Rather, our mental model profoundly shapes our lives – or, as I put it, “it is not just our actions and reactions, but our very perceptions, what we think we see, hear, feel, smell and experience that are deeply affected by our mental model, our assumptions and beliefs about the way things really are” (this quote is on pages 2 and 3)
QUESTION 1B: Now that we’ve explored this issue for several months, briefly describe why you agree and/or disagree with my analysis and conclusions.
[Read before you answer question 2A] Imagine that you are going to write a letter to a person that you care about and/or love – a lover, spouse, parent, child, friend. You’re writing to this person because you feel close to them and want to discuss two issues our nation struggles with and argues about: How much racial progress has been made in our society in the last 50 years? And how much racial (in)equality and racism exists today?
As you respond to the following questions in your “letter,” please keep in mind that:
1. There is no right or wrong answer to these questions;
2. The foremost goal of this question – and this assignment – is to invite you to think about what you think about these issues and then, after you do, to explore how sociologists think about these issues.
QUESTION 2A: In this letter, briefly describe how much racial progress in the U.S. you believe has been made in the last 50 years and , as you do, be sure to describe (1) Why you do or do not believe there has been racial progress and (2) How much racial progress you believe has occurred.
QUESTION 2B: This question asks you to be even more specific about your beliefs about racial progress. Whether you have thought about the following issues before this assignment, or not, please describe how much racial progress – if any – you believe has occurred in the U.S. in each of the following key areas in the past 50 years:
1. Racial Wealth Equality (say if you believe that racial wealth equality has increased or decreased in the U.S. since the early 1970’s)
2. Racial Housing Segregation (say if you believe the % of Americans living in [mostly] racially segregated neighborhoods has increased or decreased since the early 1970’s)
3. Racial Schooling Segregation (say if you believe the % of children attending [mostly] racially segregated K-12 schools has increased or decreased since the early 1970’s)
4. Racial Criminal Justice Discrimination (say if you believe that racially discriminatory treatment and “justice” in the criminal justice system – including police, arrests, conviction, incarceration, release – has increased or decreased since the early 1970’s)
5. Racial Voting Discrimination/Suppression (say if you believe the % of people of color whose right to vote is limited by racially discriminatory state policies – such as reducing the number of voting places, unjust voting purging – has increased or decreased since the early 1970’s)
6. Environmental Racism (say if you believe the % of people of color living in communities where industrial pollution and chemicals undermine their physical and mental health has increased or decreased since the early 1970’s)
7. Health Care Racism (say if you believe that racial discrimination against patients of color that limits their access to healthcare and/or undermines the quality of their treatment has increased or decreased since the early 1970’s)
QUESTION 2C: Briefly describe why you do and/or do not believe that racial progress has or has not occurred in the past 6 years. (this is different than questions 2A and 2B which asked you about how much racial progress has occurred in the past 50 years)
QUESTION 2D: Briefly describe any thoughts, feelings, and questions you had as you answered questions 2A and 2B and 2C (as always, only write what you’re comfortable sharing).
[Read before you answer question 3A] As I discuss in my essay “Most White People Believe There Has Been Significant Racial Progress In The Past 50 Years – Are They Right?,” most whites are convinced that, in the last 50 years, racism in our society has steadily decreased and racial progress has increased.
QUESTION 3A: Describe how I support my claim that the amount of racial wealth inequality and racial segregation in the U.S. has not significantly decreased in the last 50 years (I’m asking you to describe how I support this claim; you’ll discuss why you agree or disagree in question 3B)
QUESTION 3B: Describe how the information in this essay is similar to and/or different than your assumptions and beliefs about racial progress.
QUESTION 3C: Describe and why you agree or disagree with my analysis and conclusions about racial progress.
[Please read before answering question 4A] After reading my essay “Do You See What – And How – I See? Exploring Different Ways Of Thinking About Racism,” and knowing there is no right or wrong answer to this question:
QUESTION 4A: Briefly describe the extent to which the way you thought about your life and our society before this semester began was closer to the individualistic mental model I described in my essay or to the sociological mental model – what Eitzen calls “the sociological perspective” (as you know, Eitzen also calls the individualistic mental model a “person-blaming” perspective and the sociological perspective a “systems-blaming’ perspective in the essay he wrote about social problems)
QUESTION 4B: In a few words, describe the extent to which the way you think about life and society has or has not been influenced and/or enriched by the sociological perspective since the semester began.
QUESTION 4C: Briefly describe why the way you now think about life and society has or has not been influenced by the sociological perspective and, if it has not, why you disagree with some or all of the sociological perspective.
[Read before you answer question 5A] Before we read any other essays and watch any videos about racism, we’re going to look more closely at how you think about this very important issue. As you do, keep in mind, once again, that there are no right or wrong answers to this question. Rather, the aim is to help you become aware of how you think about this.
We will explore two key points:
(1) There are many ways to think about racism; and
(2) How the way(s) most people in the U.S. are taught about racism – in school, by mass media/social media, and politicians –narrowly focuses on some ways of thinking about racism and repeatedly ignores and/or dismisses others.
First check out the four different ways of thinking about racism that I list below:
• Individual Racist Beliefs and Actions (that supporters of this way of thinking about racism believed are caused by the racist prejudices, stereotypes and hatred of specific individuals who, for entirely personal reasons, adopt these beliefs and behaviors);
• Individual Racism (that involves individual acts of racism between one person and another (such as harassment, discrimination from a boss, criminal justice officer, or a racist rant caught on cell phone, etc.)
• Institutional Racism (rules, practices, and policies of key institutions – such as schools, governments, criminal justice system, health care system – that routinely benefit whites at the expense of people of color, regardless of the awareness or the intentions of the people involved).
• Systemic Racism (in addition to including institutional racism, systemic racism has a second key feature: Widespread racist cultural beliefs generated by the mass media, politicians, schools, criminal justice system, health care system, etc. that everyone is exposed to, influenced by, and internalizes in varying degrees.
It is worth repeating that systemic racism has two overlapping, interrelated features:
(1) Institutional racism; and
(2) Widespread cultural messages – from schools, mass media, government, etc. – that everyone—people of color as well as whites – are exposed to and “breathe in” throughout our lives. An important, often hidden part of the cultural “air” we breathe, these “messages” teach people to accept racist beliefs and engage in racist behaviors in ways they often are not aware of.
QUESTION 5A: To the best of your knowledge, describe which 2 ways of thinking about racism (of the 4 ways of thinking I discussed above) that most people in the U.S have been exposed to the most in school, the mass media, social media, and by politicians (I’m talking about the 4 ways of “thinking” – the assumptions, beliefs, and ideas about racism – and not the actual experience of racism).
QUESTION 5B: Briefly describe which 2 ways of thinking about racism you’ve been exposed to the most in mass media, by politicians, in your families and with your peers (as always, only write about what you feel comfortable sharing. You will write about your experiences in school for Question 5C)).
QUESTION 5C: As you think back to the roughly 10,000 hours you spent in school from kindergarten to 12th grade, give your best guess about how many of these roughly 10,000 hours you studied racial inequality and racism in the U.S. (since this is a “guess,” it does not need to be precise and there is no “right” or “wrong” answer to this question).
QUESTION 5D: Of the hours you spent in K-12th grade studying racial inequality and racism, give your best guess about how many of these hours you studied racial inequality and racism using each of these 4 ways of thinking about and explaining racism in the U.S.
Individual Racist Beliefs And Actions.
Interpersonal Racism.
Institutional Racism.
Systemic Racism.
QUESTION 5E: Describe:
(1) Which 2 of the 4 ways of thinking about racism (listed above) feel most familiar, comfortable and/or correct to you and
(2) Which 2 ways are less familiar and feel less comfortable or incorrect (once again, there is no right or wrong answer – the aim is to invite you to think about the “lessons” about racism that you’ve been exposed to and may have been influenced by)
QUESTION 5F: Briefly describe (1) why you do or do not believe you are willing and able to stay open to new ways of thinking about racism that may initially be unfamiliar, uncomfortable, and /or feel incorrect; and (2) how difficult you think it will be to stay open to new ways of thinking about racism that may be unfamiliar and feel uncomfortable and/or incorrect.
QUESTION 5G: Briefly describe (1) a few small steps you can take, if any, to be a bit more open to exploring these different “mental models” about racism; and (2) the benefits, if any, of doing this.
QUESTION 6A. Describe the 3 most important and/or helpful insights into racism discussed in the video “5 Things You Should Know About Racism” (see link on top of page 1)
QUESTION 6B. Describe why you selected each of these 3 points and why you did or did not find each of them helpful.
QUESTION 6C. Describe why you believe it would or would not be helpful to use this video – or other age-appropriate resources – to teach high students about these issues.

[Read before answering Question 7A] As we saw in my essay “Do You See What – And How – I See? Exploring Different Ways Of Thinking About Racism,” the idea of systemic racism suggests:
• Racism is deeply embedded in all parts of our society and shapes all our key institutions such as schools, workplaces, the mass media, health system criminal justice system, government, etc.
• Systemic racism unleashes powerful social forces and “social currents” that profoundly shape our beliefs, behaviors, and lives in ways that many people do not see; and,
• We cannot understand what happens in our lives and society without understanding how systemic racism shapes our beliefs, behaviors, institutions, and society.
After watching the video “Systemic Racism Explained” (see link towards top of page 1),
QUESTION 7A. Describe how this video supports its conclusion that, in addition to a long history of racist policies in major institutions (such as government, banks, real estate industry, etc.) “a big part of systemic racism is implicit bias” – widespread prejudices in society that, like pollution in the air, individuals have “breathed in” and absorbed from our society that they are often not aware of (starting at about 2.5 minutes into the video) [For a very funny story about implicit bias that involves two very well-known celebrities, see page 1 from the “Does White Privilege Exist” file. Eddie Murphy is one of these celebrities. And you almost definitely will know the other celebrity J]
QUESTION 7B: Since most students have been taught that racial prejudice is caused by ignorant individuals, after students watch this video, many are surprised that “implicit bias” (which consists of widespread prejudice) is actually part of “systemic racism.” Describe how this view of racial prejudice is similar to or different than how you view racial prejudice.
QUESTION 7C: Describe how this video supports its conclusion, “We can see evidence of systemic racism in every area of life in the U.S.” (quote comes at 3:16 minutes into the video)
QUESTION 8A. Describe how Tim Wise’s essay “Exploring the Depths of Racist Socialization” (pages 3 – 6 in the attached essay “Does White Privilege Exist”) supports the main points that Tatum makes on page 7 of “Does White Privilege Exist.”
QUESTION 8B. Describe the most important insight you gained from Tim Wise’s essay into how hard it is for whites to overcome what he calls “racist socialization” and what the systemic racism video calls “implicit bias.”
QUESTION 8C. Describe (1) Which of the two perspectives about racism Tim Wise would support: a system-blaming perspective or individual blaming perspective; and (2) Why.
[Read before answering Question 9A] Mostly using your own words, describe how each of the essays and video (see below) support both of the following statements by Johnson (pp. 21 – 22 of “What Is Privilege”): • “Privilege exists when one group has something of value that is denied to others simply because of the groups they belong to, rather than because of anything they have done or failed to do” and • “Privilege shows up in the daily details of the lives of people in almost every setting” – You are not reading this essay for this assignment. I’m only quoting from it!!!)
QUESTION 9A. Essay called “White” names give job seekers an edge” (page 9 from “Does White Privilege Exist” PDF file)
QUESTION 9B. Essay on page 10 from “Does White Privilege Exist”
QUESTION 9C. “Bare Minimum” page 11 of “Does White Privilege Exist” – be sure to read and use the last half of this essay because you cannot answer this question correctly if you only read/use the 1st part)
QUESTION 9D. “Systemic Racism Against Latinos” (see attached link for the video on page 1).
QUESTION 10. Describe the 3 most insightful, helpful, eye-opening points made by the readings/videos and/or raised by the questions in this assignment – and be sure to briefly say why each of these 3 points were insightful, helpful, etc.
Your initial minimum 1000-word response will be graded on: • Your understanding of the information.
• Your use of information from the assigned readings, talks, and videos. You must reference/include specific information from the assigned materials to support your views. In addition to information from the assigned materials, you may also use information from other credible sources to help support your response. You may also share personal experiences as appropriate to help provide context for your response.
• How you apply this information in your response to the discussion questions
• The quality of your spelling, grammar, and writing
Your 2 minimum 75-word posts will be graded on:
• how substantial and thoughtful your posts are to the two 1000+ word posts you are responding to and on your ability to be specific about what exactly you found most insightful, interesting, etc. about each of these two posts;
• The quality of your spelling, grammar, and writing;
• The degree to which your 2 posts were respectful and appreciative
Your post of at least 150 words that directly responds to 3 of the most insightful, eye-opening points that I made in the feedback I gave to everyone’s posts in the discussion forum will be graded on:
• how substantial and thoughtful your posts are to the detailed feedback I gave on 3 student posts in this discussion forum – and how specific you are about what exactly you found most insightful, eye-opening about my responses;
• The quality of your spelling, grammar, and writing;
• The degree to which your response was respectful and appreciative.
Important Info
The order was placed through a short procedure (customer skipped some order details).
Please clarify some paper details before starting to work on the order.
Type of paper and subject
Number of sources and formatting style
Type of service (writing, rewriting, etc)

Categories
Other

Reflect on the life of each of the client and evaluate what method social work c

Reflect on the life of each of the client and evaluate what method social work can be applied best as the tools needed for each.Prepare a case indicating the method you will apply as well as tools you will be Using
Important Info
The order was placed through a short procedure (customer skipped some order details).
Please clarify some paper details before starting to work on the order.
Type of paper and subject
Number of sources and formatting style
Type of service (writing, rewriting, etc)

Categories
Other

Argument draft about freedom of speech and trigger warning using an example

Argument draft about freedom of speech and trigger warning using an example
Important Info
The order was placed through a short procedure (customer skipped some order details).
Please clarify some paper details before starting to work on the order.
Type of paper and subject
Number of sources and formatting style
Type of service (writing, rewriting, etc)

Categories
English

For the final researched essay, you will develop a critical comparison of the th

For the final researched essay, you will develop a critical comparison of the themes (CHOOSE ONLY ONE THEME TO COMPARE/CONTRAST) of two of the pieces of literature you have read:
″The Yellow Wallpaper″ and The House of Mirth (options: gender politics/feminist movement, misogyny in all its forms, historical/cultural analysis in relation to the literature, or another topic with approval).
Master and Man and Call of the Wild (options: human fallibility and the impact on others (including dogs/nature), the humbling power of the natural world, or another topic with approval).
The House of Mirth and Invisible Man (options: social ″invisibility,″ differences in the sexes′/genders′ perceptions of events, or another topic with approval).
The Metamorphosis and The House of Mirth (options: asexuality/rejection of sexual norms (including LGBTQIA+ perspectives), the detrimental effects of self-imposed isolationism, alienation and its consequences for humans, or another topic with approval).
Requirements: Write a minimum 5-page (FULL PAGES), double-spaced, researched essay on one of the topics above. Conduct research of secondary sources (see the annotated bibliography assignment for guidelines on the sources) to help you develop a stronger understanding of your chosen topic. In addition, make sure to include at least five (one from each secondary source) quoted passages with signal phrases that effectively synthesize the other authors′ ″voices″ into the essay. Most importantly, develop a judgment (with supporting evidence) that expresses your specific reaction to how your chosen thematic concern plays out in the piece of literature; this will serve as your thesis statement.
Rough draft due for peer review: 12/4/2022, Sunday, 11:59pm, in the appropriate peer review discussion thread.
Peer review time frame: due 12/8/2022, Thursday, 11:59pm, in the appropriate peer review discussion thread.
Final Draft Due Date: 12/11/2022, Sunday, 11:59pm, in the corresponding drop box folder
Criteria for success:
1. Follow formatting and length guidelines.
2. Include a thesis statement that includes a judgment about one (only one) of the topics in the assignment desсrіption.
3. Write fully developed paragraphs that contain topic sentences, discussion, evidence, analysis, and summative comments. Avoid using long quotations as filler in place of discussion and analysis.
4. Make sure your topic sentences are judgments, and that they are related in some way to the overarching thesis statement.
5. Write effective introductions and conclusions.
6. Follow MLA formatting guidelines for in-text citations and the works cited page.
7. Effectively synthesize primary and secondary source materials into your essays with introductions/signal phrases.
8. Develop an effective writing style that employs active verbs, concise wording, and clearly articulated ideas. Avoid 2nd person, vague words (″things″), and shifts in perspective.
9. Follow standard written English rules for punctuation, grammar, sentence structure, and spelling.

Categories
Other

(Price, Product, Place, Promotion) Planning and strategies on marketing mix For

(Price, Product, Place, Promotion)
Planning and strategies on marketing mix
For Samsung
Important Info
The order was placed through a short procedure (customer skipped some order details).
Please clarify some paper details before starting to work on the order.
Type of paper and subject
Number of sources and formatting style
Type of service (writing, rewriting, etc)

Categories
Finance

Use the spreadsheet provided below to calculate the values asked. This problem s

Use the spreadsheet provided below to calculate the values asked. This problem set covers the material in the case albeit on a monthly basis so keep that in mind.

Categories
Business and Entrepreneurship

Assignment Content Competencies Analyze the role of accounting in business opera

Assignment Content
Competencies
Analyze the role of accounting in business operations.
Apply the principles of accrual accounting and accounting cycles.
Appraise the financial health and performance of a company.
Analyze cost behaviors and production costing methods.
Employ accounting data for business analysis and prediction.
Evaluate accounting-related legal and ethical business implications.
Student Success Criteria
View the grading rubric for this deliverable by selecting the “This item is graded with a rubric” link, which is located in the Details & Information pane.
Scenario
The Vice President of Finance called you into a meeting to discuss the overall vision and future of your company. He states that he has always admired International Business Machines (IBM) since he studied the company in college. The VP has not followed the company as of late and would like you to prepare an update as to how IBM is doing over last three years and the top line outlook for next year. The VP would like you to use similar techniques that you have used in writing your previous reports.
Instructions
Using the financial statements of International Business Machines Corporation:
Prepare an income statement vertical and horizontal analysis of International Business Machines Corporation using three years of data. Use Mergent Online to download income statement to Excel.
Be sure to search for International Business Machines Corp, and choose the United States entity. FAQ for accessing and downloading income statements
Using the line item desсrіptions from the income statement, create a new tab and identify which expenses (costs) are likely fixed, variable, product, and period costs.
Using Mergent Online, create a ratio analysis report showing International Business Machines Corporation and its largest 4 competitors based on total revenue
Download the following ratios and peer average into Excel. Format and arrange the data in a professional manner:
Current Ratio
Gross Margin
Inventory % of TA
Inventory Turnover
Debt/Equity Ratio
Net Current Assets % TA
Net PPE % TA
Net Profit Margin %
Operating Margin %
R + D % TR
ROA %
ROE %
ROI %
Selling and General Admin % TR
Total Asset Turnover
Using the historical income statement data, prepare a sales (revenue) forecast for the upcoming year including your assumptions, calculations, and rationale.
Using the SEC.gov website, find articles on of International Business Machines Corporation and comment in a Word document on any recent accounting standards or ethical considerations that affect the company.
Note: The use of Microsoft Excel is a requirement for this course and a key demonstration of your management skills, therefore, all calculations, formulas, and results derived must use Excel functions.

Categories
Computer science

Assignment: Software development is guided by methodologies that provide a frame

Assignment: Software development is guided by methodologies that provide a framework to manage the project. Below are three desсrіptions of companies that need a new software product. With the information provided, suggest the best software development methodology for each company’s software development project. Then suggest which implementation methodology should be used to roll-out the new software.
Please complete the following presentation assignment. In addition to a cover slide, include a separate reference slide (be sure to format all reference entries and corresponding in-text citations according to APA format). Strive to paraphrase your sources rather than quoting directly. Incorporate a consistent and professional style throughout the presentation, include at least one visual accompaniment (e.g., graph, diagram), strive to adhere to the ‘7X7 Rule’, and make use of the ‘Notes’ area when additional detail is required.
Company Profiles:
1. Multinational company, large budget, large experienced multi-skilled team, clear client requirements, no changes anticipated, need to estimate work output accurately, fast time to market, project for 826,000+ users.
2. Rural graphic design firm, limited budget, small inexperienced team, no changes anticipated, need client feedback and user requirements, limited development time, project for 100+ users.
3. Statewide restaurant chain, small project budget, client requirements incomplete, large novice team, need fast development, project for 5,000+ users. Be sure to clearly present: Which software development methodology would be best? Why? Which implementation methodology should be used? Why?
Your presentation slides need to contain the company′s details and a justification as to why the methodology selected is the best for the project development and implementation. Creativity in presentation is encouraged. Feel free to name the companies and add visuals to support the profiles. Use Microsoft PowerPoint format of 8-10 slides, including a cover slide and references slide.

Categories
Healthcare

You were asked to develop a video advertisement campaign to address alcoholism i

You were asked to develop a video advertisement campaign to address alcoholism in Maryland, a public health issue. Write a supporting paper about 3 to 4-page (1000 word) not including title page, references, or appendices. Must include at least 4 current (published within the past 5 years), peer reviewed articles. The paper should explain the purpose of the advertisement, its intended audience, and
what would be the best outcome if the ad campaign was successful. The paper should follow APA
Manual 7th edition scholarly writing guidelines.

Categories
Other

Competency In this project, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following c

Competency
In this project, you will demonstrate your mastery of the following competency:
Apply statistical techniques to address research problems
Perform hypothesis testing to address an authentic problem
Overview
In this project, you will apply inference methods for means to test your hypotheses about the housing sales market for a region of the United States. You will use appropriate sampling and statistical methods.
Scenario
You have been hired by your regional real estate company to determine if your region’s housing prices and housing square footage are significantly different from those of the national market. The regional sales director has three questions that they want to see addressed in the report:
Are housing prices in your regional market lower than the national market average?
Is the square footage for homes in your region different than the average square footage for homes in the national market?
For your region, what is the range of values for the 95% confidence interval of square footage for homes in your market?
You are given a real estate data set that has houses listed for every county in the United States. In addition, you have been given national statistics and graphs that show the national averages for housing prices and square footage. Your job is to analyze the data, complete the statistical analyses, and provide a report to the regional sales director. You will do so by completing the Project Two Template located in the What to Submit area below.
Directions
Introduction
Region: Start by picking one region from the following list of regions:
West South Central, West North Central, East South Central, East North Central, Mid Atlantic
Purpose: What was the purpose of your analysis, and what is your approach?
Define a random sample and two hypotheses (means) to analyze.
Sample: Define your sample. Take a random sample of 500 observations for your region.
Describe what is included in your sample (i.e., states, region, years or months).
Questions and type of test: For your selected sample, define two hypothesis questions and the appropriate type of test hypothesis for each. Address the following for each hypothesis:
Describe the population parameter for the variable you are analyzing.
Describe your hypothesis in your own words.
Describe the inference test you will use.
Identify the test statistic.
Level of confidence: Discuss how you will use estimation and confidence intervals to help you solve the problem.
1-Tail Test
Hypothesis: Define your hypothesis.
Define the population parameter.
Write null (Ho) and alternative (Ha) hypotheses.
Specify your significance level.
Data analysis: Analyze the data and confirm assumptions have not been violated to complete this hypothesis test.
Summarize your sample data using appropriate graphical displays and summary statistics.
Provide at least one histogram of your sample data.
In a table, provide summary statistics including sample size, mean, median, and standard deviation.
Summarize your sample data, describing the center, spread, and shape in comparison to the national information.
Check the conditions.
Determine if the normal condition has been met.
Determine if there are any other conditions that you should check and whether they have been met.
Hypothesis test calculations: Complete hypothesis test calculations, providing the appropriate statistics and graphs.
Calculate the hypothesis statistics.
Determine the appropriate test statistic (t).
Calculate the probability (p value).
Interpretation: Interpret your hypothesis test results using the p value method to reject or not reject the null hypothesis.
Relate the p value and significance level.
Make the correct decision (reject or fail to reject).
Provide a conclusion in the context of your hypothesis.
2-Tail Test
Hypotheses: Define your hypothesis.
Define the population parameter.
Write null and alternative hypotheses.
State your significance level.
Data analysis: Analyze the data and confirm assumptions have not been violated to complete this hypothesis test.
Summarize your sample data using appropriate graphical displays and summary statistics.
Provide at least one histogram of your sample data.
In a table, provide summary statistics including sample size, mean, median, and standard deviation.
Summarize your sample data, describing the center, spread, and shape in comparison to the national information.
Check the assumptions.
Determine if the normal condition has been met.
Determine if there are any other conditions that should be checked on and whether they have been met.
Hypothesis test calculations: Complete hypothesis test calculations, providing the appropriate statistics and graphs.
Calculate the hypothesis statistics.
Determine the appropriate test statistic (t).
Determine the probability (p value).
Interpretation: Interpret your hypothesis test results using the p value method to reject or not reject the null hypothesis.
Relate the p value and significance level.
Make the correct decision (reject or fail to reject).
Provide a conclusion in the context of your hypothesis.
Comparison of the test results: See Question 3 from the Scenario section.
Calculate a 95% confidence interval. Show or describe your method of calculation.
Interpret a 95% confidence interval.
Final Conclusions
Summarize your findings: Refer back to the Introduction section above and summarize your findings of the sample you selected.
Discuss: Discuss whether you were surprised by the findings. Why or why not?
You can use the following tutorial that is specifically about this assignment: